Category: ANCESTRY

Josephine Baker, Actress, Dancer, Singer, Spy and Activist

Born Freda Josephine McDonald in St. Louis, Missouri, the Extraordinary Josephine Baker was an American-born French dancer, singer, actress, civil rights activist and spy. (Jun. 3, 1906 – Apr. 12, 1975) Baker was the first Black American female to star in a major motion picture, “Zouzou” in 1934, to integrate an American concert hall, and […]

Diana Fletcher, African Native American School Teacher

Diana Fletcher (1838 – ?) is thought to be the daughter of an enslaved African who ran away to seek freedom in Florida, and a Seminole woman who died on “The Trail of Tears,” the forced relocation of American Indians to Oklahoma. It is said that she was separated from her father, once in Oklahoma, […]

Legendary Russell Means, Oglala Lakota Activist

Russell Means was an Oglala Lakota activist for the rights of American Indian people. (November 10, 1939 – October 22, 2012) He became a prominent member of the American Indian Movement (AIM) after joining the organization in 1968, and helped organize notable events that attracted national and international media coverage. Russell Means has lived a […]

Forever in our memories, Grandmother Mountain Eagle Woman

A Tribute to Grandmother Mountain Eagle Woman “Mommi” (1922 – 2000) by Nataska Hummingbird. Honoring Grandmother Mountain Eagle Woman “Mommi” of Choctaw, Creek, Cherokee & African heritage. Grandmother Mountain Eagle Woman was the full walking embodiment of Divine Womanness. Her smile was like sunshine, lifting up the life of anyone blessed enough to pass by […]

George Crum (Speck), The Real Inventor of Potato Chips

Honoring George Crum, born George Speck (1828 – 1914), of African and Native American Indian heritage. Every time a person crunches into a potato chip, he or she is enjoying the delicious taste of one of the world’s most famous snacks – a treat that might not exist without the contribution of Afro Native inventor(s) George […]

Fredi Washington: Why Pass For White?

Fredi Washington (1903 – 1994) was an accomplished Black American dramatic film actress, one of the first to gain recognition for her work in film and on stage. (Dec. 23, 1903 – Jun. 28, 1994) She was active during the period known as the Harlem Renaissance (1920s-1930s). She is best known for her role as […]

Lakota Woman Mary Brave Bird, Author, Activist (1954 – 2013)

Mary Ellen Moore-Richard known as Mary Brave Bird, also known as Mary Crow Dog and Mary Brave Woman Olguin. Video clip of Lakota Woman below (Sep. 26, 1954 – Feb. 14, 2013) She was an inspiring Brulé Lakota writer and activist who was a member of the American Indian Movement during the 1970s and participated […]

America’s WWI Original Code Talkers From The Choctaw Nation

Honoring America’s Original Code Talkers from the Choctaw Nation World War I. In 1918, not yet citizens of the U.S., Choctaw members of the American Expeditionary Forces were asked to use their Native language as a powerful tool against the German Forces in World War I, setting a precedent for code talking as an effective […]

John Horse, Wild Cat, Cross-cultural Freedom Partners

“Cross-cultural Freedom Partners” by Linda Cousins-Newton, The Ancestral Storyteller. John Horse (1812 –1882), African & Seminole, Wild Cat (1810 – 1857), Seminole. The great Bahamian folk singer, Ronnie Butler relates in one of his popular numbers, “I know these people long time. These people are mine”; he goes on to musically declare that these people […]

Watch Night Service, Liberation History, December 31,1862

Celebrating the Emancipation Proclamation. The roots of Watch Night Service (December 31, 1862) celebrated in many Black American communities nationwide are founded in enslaved African and liberation history. On midnight, Dec. 31, 1862, the New Year was ushered in by enslaved Africans watching and praying for news that Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation had become law. On […]

Indian Boarding Schools: Assassination of a Culture

Indian Boarding Schools: Anglo-American Cultural Terrorism “kill the Indian, save the man.”   “Sexual Trauma: One Legacy of the Boarding School Era” by Ruth Hopkins Every American Indian alive today has been affected by the policy of assimilation implemented by the United States government in centuries past. Under the guise of Manifest Destiny, European invaders […]

Travesty of Justice: The Murder of Johnny Robinson (1963)

Johnny Robinson Jr. who was 16 when he was killed, shot in the back by white police officer during the unrest following the infamous church bombing in Birmingham, Alabama on September 15, 1963. Racial violence broke out on the streets that afternoon, leading to two other less well-known killings that day. The Death of 16-year-old […]

Wounded Knee Creek Massacre, December 29,1890

Remembering & Honoring the Ancestors who were massacred December 29,1890 at Wounded Knee creek, South Dakota. Never Forget. On the morning, the Miniconjou, Lakota (Sioux) chief Big Foot (Spotted Elk) and some 350 of his followers camped on the banks of Wounded Knee creek. Surrounding their camp was a force of U.S. troops charged with […]

Travesty of Justice: The Murder of Virgil Lamar Ware (1963)

In the tense atmosphere that followed a deadly church bombing in Birmingham, Alabama, on September 15, 1963, Thirteen year-old Virgil Lamar Ware was murdered by two white teenagers without justice served. Virgil Lamar Ware (Dec. 6, 1949 – Sept. 15, 1963) was an eighth grader, an A student and football player who dreamed of becoming […]

Thanksgiving Suppressed Speech Of Wamsutta, Wampanoag (1970)

This is the Suppressed speech of Wamsutta (Frank B.) James, Wampanoag that was to be delivered at Plymouth, Massachusetts, September 10, 1970. The Massachusetts Department of Commerce asked the Wampanoag Indians to select a speaker to mark the 350th anniversary of the Pilgrims’ arrival, and the first Thanksgiving. Three hundred fifty years after the Pilgrims […]

Birmingham Church Bombing By The Ku Klux Klan (1963)

An unforgettable act of American Terrorism by white supremacist members of the Ku Klux Klan, “The Law in Disguise” for the Baptist Church Bombing in Birmingham, Alabama, September 15, 1963. Four young girls, Addie Mae Collins (age 14), Denise McNair (age 11), Carole Robertson (age 14), and Cynthia Wesley (age 14) were murdered when the […]
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